separation line
lake Sig, village Petrikovo, Ostashkov district, Tver region, Russia. +7 (961) 01-66-032   Русский  
separation line

Park Hotel SDL: vKontakte Park Hotel SDL: Instagram Park Hotel SDL: Facebook Follow sdltour: Twitter Park Hotel SDL: YouTube Park Hotel SDL: Booking.com Google Odnoklassniki Trip Advisor Trip Advisor

Berezovskoye settlement

Zaluch'e

Photo

Berezovskoye settlement
Berezovskoye settlement
Berezovskoye settlement
Not so far from New Yelets estate is located another amazing place of Lake Seliger - Zaluch'e. Everybody say here: "Who was not in the Zaluche did not seen the Lake Seliger." The area around hilly. Fields is small. Somewhere, far away on the horizon, the gentle hills that rocks in the transparent mist came down to the Lake Seliger like a wave, down to the water, and frozen, filled with cool lake. It seems that the way they have lost all the boulders and stones that were lying everywhere - in the grass, under the moss at the roots of trees. Among the small round stones come across pebbles, which local residents think the stone pellets. From the clearing, which is flattened like a triangle on the shore, rises a high hill - Berezovskoye settlement, which was founded in the VIII century BC.
Berezovskoye settlement with the south-eastern side is surrounded by floodplain meadows. The water level in Lake Seliger in the last century was much higher, and on-site of meadows was the bay. In the surrounding villages There is a legend about how in the Gulf drowned, along with three horses some landlady whose name - Marfa Posadnica. However, the Marfa Posadnica or Marfa Boretsky have no relationship to the mythical landlady, but the mention of her name in the legends is not accidental. Berezovskoye settlement belonged Boretsky until annexation of Novgorod by Ivan III to the Moscow princedom in 1478. Strong in her behavior and actions, extremely energetic and willful Marfa, played a prominent role in opposition of Novgorod boyars to Moscow princedom. After the death of her husband, Isaac A., the Novgorod mayor, untold riches concentrated in the hands of Boretskaya. More than three hundred villages from the Lake Seliger to the White Sea coast were after her. Only to the ancestral lands (Berezovskoye settlement), the largest among the other fiefs of Novgorod boyars, "pulled" 67 villages. In an effort to preserve its independence from Moscow, and fearing for their possessions, Marfa Boretsky with his sons Dmitri and Fyodor led the opposition to the top of the Novgorod feudal lords. The house of Marfa became to a center of anti-Moscow intrigues. In 1471 the boyars entered into a secret treaty with the Polish king Casimir IV. According to the agreement the Novgorod republic almost departed to the Polish-Lithuanian principality. Lithuanian Prince Michael Olelkovich governor arrived in Novgorod. He was supposed to be the husband of Marfa Boretskaya. All these actions have accelerated Moscow troops. July 14, 1471 on the River Shelon the Novgorodians were defeated. Son of Marfa Boretskaya - Dmitry - executed in one of six leaders. In 1478, after the final accession of the Republic of Novgorod to Moscow, Boretsky was taken to the convent in Nizhni Novgorod, where she was forcibly tonsured in the nun. It is possible that exactly pretensions of the Moscow principality on the Novgorod, and the constant danger from Lithuania and Tver forced to consolidate in the XIV century Berezovets - an important staging post on the crossroads from south to north and from Novgorod to the west in Lithuania. The entire perimeter of the shaft of the hill poured from clay and sand, propped it by large boulders. The shaft fastened beams. On top, probably passed fence with guard towers. In a small area at the entrance to the fortress Berezovskaya, able to detect a broad band of stones, apparently the remains of an ancient roadway. On the settlement, as reported by the documents were "Church of the Nativity Prisvyatyya and big yard." At the bottom of the plateau was ancient settlement Berezovsky churchyard, extending to the modern village of Berezovsky Ryadok.
During World War II was buried here a complete George Knight of the First World War, the hero of the assault of Spassk and Volochaevka, the regimental commander of Blucher army, the Maj. Gen. Ivan Pavlovich Shevchuk (1892-1942). Above his grave set a modest monument, an obelisk.
Near the Berezovskoye settlement lies, the long, horn in the Gulf, the peninsula Big Mower, and very close - a tiny, overgrown with curly Barashek island of trees. On the opposite bank of the reach can see the birch grove. In the very depths of her you can see the low, the correct form mounds - an ancient burial ground.
The distance from the Park Hotel "SDL": 
31 km